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Alliteration

Repetition of initial consonant sound (e.g. Safety and Security)

Allusion

A direct reference to a person, event or piece of literature

Anaphora

Successive clauses or sentences start with the same word(s) (eg. Every...Every...Every)

Antithesis

Contrasting relationship between two ideas

Code

What vocabulary and syntax does the speaker use - says something about targetgroup

Decode

Whether or not you are able to understand the intended message

Ethos

The source's credibility, the speaker's/author's authority

Frame of reference

Using examples the audience will be able to recognise

Genre

A style, especially in the arts, that involves a particular set of characteristics

Hyperbole

Deliberate exaggeration

Intended content

Is what the sender wants to communicate

Interest

Maybe it appeals to your feelings, emotions or your own life situation

Irony

Irony is a figure of speech in which there is a contradiction of expectation between what is said what is really meant

Logos

The logic used to support a claim; can also be the facts and statistics used to help support the argument.

Message

What the sender of the speech wants us to think about

Metaphor

Metaphor compares two different things in a figurative sense

Pathos

A quality that causes people to feel sympathy and sadness

Perceived content

Can be different from Intended Content, if the listeners are not convinced, and they understand it differently

Purpose

What the sender wants to change with the text

Repetition

Words or phrases are repeated throughout the text to emphasize certain facts or ideas.

Rhetorical question

The speaker raises a question, but doesn't answer it directly as he/she sees the answer as obvious.

Simile

Direct comparison. Two things are compared directly by using 'like' (e.g. A is like B.)

Theme

The main idea of the text (often timeless)

Games

Simple

Only the chosen words or definitions are printed on the cards. There are no instructions.

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Association

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Linking words

Structure the words and explain your structure. You may want to sequence the words or use a mind map.

Finding synonyms

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Finding antonyms

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Find a word

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Must use word

You have to use this word twice in your group discussion.

Rate words

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Make someone speak

Get someone in your group to use this word. Don’t say the word directly.

Letter jumble

The letters in this word have been jumbled. Recontruct the word.

Write Question

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Print on both sides

The words are printed on the front side of the cards and the definitions are printed on the back. You need a printer that enables printing on both sides of the paper.

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